Malaysia is split into two parts by the South China sea. Both of Malaysia's territories are home to two of the sub species of elephants. Peninsula Malaysia is home to the mainland Asian elephant (Maximus elephas indicus) and Borneo is home to the so called pygmy elephants (Maximus elephas borneensis).
Elephant Range: 45,000 km² approx (includes Peninsula and Borneo combined)
Country Ranking: 4th of 13
Total Wild Elephants: 2,351-3,066 total: 1,251-1,466 - Peninsula; 1,100- 1,600 - Borneo
Country Ranking: 4th or 5th of 13
Total Captive Population: negligible
Country Ranking Joint: 10-13th
Source: R Sukumar - A Brief Review of the Status, Distribution and Biology of Wild Asian Elephants Elephas maximus- International Zoo Yearbook 2006
While this information source is considered the very best available, accurate data on wild elephant populations is difficult to obtain and scientifically verify.